The Economist explains: Why is Swedish monetary policy so loose?

Posted: June 9, 2017 in economy
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THE Swedish economy is, by all accounts, booming. Output, adjusted for inflation, has grown by 2.8% on average since 2009 and rose by a robust 3.2% last year. In April Swedish inflation nearly hit the target of 2% aimed at by the Riksbank, Sweden’s central bank. Yet the Riksbank has chosen to leave interest rates at an extraordinarily low level: below zero, in fact, at -0.50%. In addition, it is increasing stimulative asset purchases, known as quantitative easing (QE). What is the Riksbank up to?Sweden’s central bank is not alone in erring on the side of dovishness. Even as post-crisis doldrums give way to steady growth, central banks worldwide tend to remain cautious, because often faster growth has not yet led to high inflation. American economic growth has been chirpy for years, and unemployment in America has just fallen to a 16-year low of 4.3%, yet the Federal Reserve’s target range is still only at 0.75-1%. The Fed is tightening—it has ended its own QE programme and begun lifting rates—but at a slower pace than it aimed to achieve two years ago. In the euro area, the European Central Bank (ECB) is still buying bonds by the barrel in an effort to keep inflation moving towards its target. Small, open economies face the additional complication that capital flows from abroad can …

via Economic Crisis


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